action. Civil legal proceedings.
adjournment. The postponement of legal proceedings.
advocate. Barrister (especially Scotland) The defender of a cause.
affidavit. A legal document.
appeal. Plea to a higher court for a change in a judgement.
Attorney General. Head of the Bar in England.
bail. Temporary release of a defendant prior to trial, usually backed by some form of security.
By-law. A rule made by a local authority.
charge. A formal accusation by the court or its representatives such as the police.
counsel. A barrister who is acting in court.
court. Location where legal judgment is made. Click here for more information.
court martial. A military court.
equity. Decisions based on the principles of ‘natural justice. Equity is used primarily to supplement common law.
in-camera. Court proceedings held in private.
injunction. An order issued by a court that (usually) restricts or prevents a person from doing something.
judge. Public official appointed to hear a case in court and make a decision on that case.
Justice of the Peace. Lay (unpaid) magistrate.
lawsuit. A proceeding in a court of law especially a civil action.
litigation. Legal proceedings.
Lord Advocate. The chief law officer in Scotland.
parole. The conditional release of a prisoner from jail.
party. A person who takes part in legal proceedings.
plaintiff. The injured party in a civil case.
prosecution. 1. The institution of legal proceedings against a person 2. A lawyer acting on behalf of the Crown.
public inquiry. An investigation held as part of legal proceedings or over public concern for a particular issue.
Queen's Evidence. Evidence given for the Crown.
Statute Law. Legislation introduced by Acts of Parliament.
summons. An order to appear in court at a specific place and time.
tort. An act, such as libel and trespass, for which one can be sued in a civil court.
trial. The determination of a persons guilt according to the law.
writ. Written command issued by a court or other authority. Writs may be used to initiate an action in the High Court.